MUST

  1. Must fe’li ma’lum bir kuch ta’siridagi zaruratni, buyruq yoki mas- lahatni ifodalaydi. Must kerak deb tarjima qilinib, hozirgi va kelasi zamon- dagi ish-harakatini ifodalaydi:
    I must do it now.
    He must go there tomorrow. You must post the letter at once.
    You must consult a doctor.
    The work must be done at once. The steamer must be discharged tomorrow.
    Izoh: Mustning bo‘lishsiz shakli must not modal fe’l mayning ma’nosiga teskari bo‘lgan taqiqlashni ifodalaydi:
    — May I do it? — No, you mustn’t.
    Buni qilsam mumkinmi? — Yo‘q, mumkin emas.
    Mustga teskari bo‘lgan ma’noda needn’t kerak emas ishlatiladi:
    He needn’t go there. Unga u yerga borish kerak emas.
    You needn’t do it. Siz buni qilishingiz shart emas.
    Shunday qilib Must I go there? So‘roq gapiga quyidagicha javob berish mumkin: Yes,
    you must. No, you needn’t.
  2. Ma’lum bir kuch ta’siridagi zaruratni have + to + V ham ifodalay- di, lekin bu birikma buyruq va maslahatni ifodalash uchun ishlatil- maydi:
    I must do it now. = I have to do it Men buni hozir qilishim kerak. now.
    He must go there tomorrow. = He U u yerga ertaga borishi kerak. has to go there tomorrow.
    O‘tgan zamondagi zaruratni ifodalshda had + to + V, kelasi zamonda ko‘pincha shall (will) have + to + V ishlatiladi:
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    Men buni hozir qilishim kerak.
    U o‘sha yerga ertaga borishi kerak. Siz xatni darhol jo‘natishingiz ke- rak.
    Siz doktorga ko‘rinishingiz kerak. Ish darhol qilinishi kerak. Paroxodning yuki ertaga tushirili- shi kerak.

I had to go there. Men u yerga borishga majbur bo‘l- dim.
I shall have to do it. Men buni qilishim kerak bo‘ladi.

  1. Must gapiruvchi to‘g‘ri deb o‘ylagan taxminni ifodalash uchun ish- latiladi. Hozirgi zamondagi taxminni ifodalash uchun must + V, o‘tgan zamondagi taxminni ifodalash uchun must + have + P.P. ishlatiladi:
    He must know her address.
    He must be in the library now. Where is he? – He must be wal- king in the garden.
    They must have forgotten to send us a copy of the telegram with their letter.
    The cases must have been dama- ged during the unloading of the vessel.
    U uning manzilini bilishi kerak.
    U hozir kutubxonada bo‘lishi kerak. U qayerda? — U bog‘da sayr qila- yotgan bo‘lishi kerak.
    Ular xat bilan telegrammaning ko‘chirmasini yuborishni unutgan bo‘lishsa kerak.
    Qutilar kemaning yuki tushiri- layotganda shikastlangan bo‘lishi kerak.

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